Pivot Point International, Inc. is the owner of all copyright rights in the United States and in other countries throughout the world in the attached materials. This means that, subject to certain limited exceptions, only Pivot Point has the right to copy, reproduce, distribute or display the attached works in either print or electronic versions. There is no specific number of words, lines or images that may be copied from these materials without permission. Likewise, merely acknowledging Pivot Point as the source of the copyrighted material does not permit copying. Therefore, unless one can prove he/she is subject to one of the limited exceptions discussed below, copying of all or any part of these materials without the express permission of Pivot Point is prohibited.
Some countries permit certain limited copying of portions of copyrighted materials if such copying amounts to "fair use" or "fair dealing". In the U.S., in order for reproduction of a portion of a copyrighted work to qualify as fair, it must be for purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, face to face teaching, scholarship or research. In addition, even where one of these purposes is satisfied, copying is prohibited if the intended use is commercial in nature, the amount and substance of the portion of the work used is significant in relation to the work as a whole, and if the effect of the use harms the potential market for or value of the work. In short, a commercial use involving a substantial amount of the work or a portion of the work critical to its theme or which negatively impacts Pivot Point's ability to sell its work will preclude fair use.
In "fair dealing" countries, such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United Kingdom, exceptions to copyright are limited to an enumerated set of possible defenses to infringement. If the copying does not fall within a specific category, it remains an infringement. For example, in Australia copying of a work for educational purposes, whether commercial or not-for-profit, is not allowed if the work is reasonably commercially available to students.